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11 5180-0265


Imagem: Parque Nacional da Serra da Bocaina / Crédito: André Sumida

O Semeia acredita que áreas protegidas, como por exemplo os parques, podem ser fontes de riqueza para o país, contribuindo para a geração de oportunidades de lazer, emprego, renda e bem-estar para a população

Studies

Technical Content
Available in portuguese

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Parques&Sociedade #12

This special edition of Parques&Sociedade shows a global panorama of biodiversity conservation in the last decade and the perspectives of this agenda for the next years. Based on the assessment of progress towards the 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets between 2011 and 2020, some lessons were learned. Due to this, a series of strategic guidelines for reversing the current scenario of biodiversity loss are proposed for the post-2020 until 2050, defined by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) for achieving the “2050 Vision - Living in Harmony with Nature”. The article is based on the Summary for Policy Makers, of the Global Biodiversity Outlook 5, produced by the CBD.

Available in Portuguese.

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Parques&Sociedade #11

The Covid-19 pandemic has shed light on an important theme of urban agenda: the need to think about ways to facilitate access and implementation of squares, gardens, parks and urban green spaces. This edition of Parques&Sociedade brings a study that investigates how the pandemic context can be an opportunity for green infrastructure to be considered by decision-makers in the urban planning and management. Based on policies and experiences in the United Kingdom, the authors build five statements so that public managers ponder green spaces as essential for urban development and to promote public health.

Available in Portuguese.

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Parques&Sociedade #10

What are the links between biodiversity conservation and nature tourism in protected areas (PAs)? To reflect on this topic, this issue of Parques&Sociedade brings a study that analyzes this interface and performs a worldwide investigation of how some characteristics of PAs, such as their size and proximity to urban centers, as well as aspects of their surroundings, can exert an influence on how attractive tourism in these areas is. Based on the categorization of biodiversity and nature tourism indicators identified in the PAs investigated, the article sheds light on aspects that can help management teams create strategies to attract more visitors to these spaces.

Available in Portuguese.

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Parques&Sociedade #9

One of the roles played by parks and other urban green areas is promoting social cohesion. This edition of Parques&Sociedade brings a study that seeks to understand how these areas can foster social relationships and how the environments and structures available in these spaces influence interactions between people. Based on the use of quantitative and qualitative research methods applied to visitors to an urban park in China, the study sheds light on the relevance of urban green areas for social interactions and the importance of considering this factor in the planning and implementation stages for those spaces.

Available in Portuguese.

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Parques&Sociedade #8

Parks and other urban green areas provide a series of ecosystem services (ES) that are essential to people's health and well-being. Therefore, it is crucial that the management teams of these spaces have access to instruments that allow them to assess the ecosystem services available in urban green areas, using the results of these assessments to develop actions to improve these natural resources. To support managers in this endeavor, this issue of Parques&Sociedade brings a Brazilian study that proposes a methodological approach to assist with the diagnosis of the ecosystem services (SE) provided by urban parks, the Index of Ecosystem Services for Green Areas (Índice de Serviços Ecossistêmicos para Áreas Verdes - ISEAV).

Available in Portuguese.

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Parques&Sociedade #7

One of the benefits resulting from the existence of Conservation Units (CUs) in cities is related to the financial compensation provided for in some Brazilian public regulatory policies, such as the ICMS-E (Portuguese acronym for, Tax on the Circulation of Ecological Goods and Services). To address this topic, this issue of Parques&Sociedade brings a study that aims to exemplify how municipal governments can receive financial resources due to the presence of CUs within cities' territorial limits, specifically through the ICMS-E, and addresses how the creation of regulations related to this tax may have encouraged the creation and implementation of municipal CUs. Thus, it is expected that this issue may help municipal public managers better understand CUs and take them into consideration in their management strategies.

Available in Portuguese.

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Parques&Sociedade #6

How do urban green areas impact health and well-being in cities? To reflect on this topic, this issue of Parques&Sociedade brings a study based on a literature review consisting of works on this theme carried out in America, Asia, Europe, and Australia. Based on a classification of these materials, the study presents a relevant mapping of the effects of urban green areas on various aspects related to the quality of life in metropolises, such as climate, health promotion, and social cohesion. We hope this study can inspire the framing of municipal policies aimed at increasing and qualifying green spaces in cities.

Available in Portuguese.

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Parques&Sociedade #5

To reflect how activities done in natural environments can stimulate a connection between children and nature, this issue of Parques&Sociedade brings a study that proposes a conceptual model for evaluating the experiences of children in green areas. Among other aspects, this instrument allows one to identify the skills and learning acquired by children in their interactions with these areas. The production of this issue had the support of Instituto Alana's Child and Nature program.

Available in Portuguese.

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Parques&Sociedade #4

Nature is the main provider of a series of essential benefits for human life known as "ecosystem services." In this issue of Parques&Sociedade, we present a study that addresses the concepts, the importance, and some recommendations for adequately implementing 'ecosystem services' in the management of protected areas. This approach can help understand and strengthen the role of these areas in society, especially in post-pandemic times.

Available in Portuguese.

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Parques&Sociedade #2

The COVID-19 pandemic brought different challenges to the management and use of parks. In order to support governments and the managers of these areas to reach a gradual and safe return of visitation to these places, this issue of Parques&Sociedade brings a mapping of international experiences with reopening parks during the COVID-19 pandemic. The article presents the main guidelines and measures adopted in ten countries from different continents during the process of resuming activities in these spaces.

Available in Portuguese.

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Parques&Sociedade #3

To help understand the relationship between nature and mental health, this issue of Parques&Sociedade brings a study that proposes a conceptual model to interpret the benefits offered by ecosystem services to people's quality of life. The idea is that this model may inspire public, private, and civil society representatives to build the solutions they will have to implement to face the challenges needed to adapt to post-pandemic times.

Available in Portuguese.

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Parques&Sociedade #1

Parques&Sociedade is a series of content launched by Semeia with the aim of sharing relevant information and good practices related to urban and natural parks, as well as other green areas so that people understand their benefits. In this issue, we present an analysis of the main results of an international research on the influence of protected areas on the quality of life and well-being of surrounding communities in developing countries.

Available in Portuguese.

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Park Management Partnerships: Three case studies from Africa | 2019

This publication presents case studies of public-private partnerships for the management and promotion of tourism activities in three African national parks: Kruger and Table Mountain in South Africa, and Akagera, in Rwanda. In each case, we sought to understand, in addition to the characteristics of each park, the model of public-private partnership implemented, detailing, whenever possible, the scope of the current contracts, duration, the nature of the private partners, methodology adopted for its selection, the level of investment required, financial sustainability, risk allocation, governance and oversight mechanisms, the impact on nature conservation, and the generation of opportunities for local communities.

Available in Portuguese.

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Park Management Partnerships: Three case studies from Africa | 2019

This publication presents case studies of public-private partnerships for the management and promotion of tourism activities in three African national parks: Kruger and Table Mountain in South Africa, and Akagera, in Rwanda. In each case, we sought to understand, in addition to the characteristics of each park, the model of public-private partnership implemented, detailing, whenever possible, the scope of the current contracts, duration, the nature of the private partners, methodology adopted for its selection, the level of investment required, financial sustainability, risk allocation, governance and oversight mechanisms, the impact on nature conservation, and the generation of opportunities for local communities.

Available in Portuguese.

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Practical Guide to Park Partnerships | 2019

How to structure a public-private partnership for the implantation, renovation, and maintenance of the infrastructure of the Brazilian parks? What are the necessary steps? What documents to produce?

This Guide presents the basic principles of partnership projects between governments and private entities, focusing on park management. It offers everything that is needed, from references to contextualize the necessary documents and the different ways of developing them, to the structuring process and partnerships tenders. With this publication, readers will be able to understand, in a practical way, how to conduct and implement projects of such nature.

Based on the consolidation of best practices identified in the concession market and projects already carried out in the country, we seek to consolidate the primary technical documents related to natural park concessions. Such consolidation encompasses tender templates, contracts, terms of reference for hiring consultants, performance measurement systems, specifications, etc.

To gain access, send an email to [email protected] with the subject “Practical Guide - Concessions in Natural Parks.”

Available in Portuguese.

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Guidelines for Tourism Partnerships and Concessions in Protected Areas | 2019

Comprehensive and profound guidelines that draw on accumulated experiences in countries with greater maturity and can make a significant contribution to strengthening the role of partnerships as drivers of public policy in Brazil, creating conditions for Brazilian parks to increasingly fulfill their purpose of promoters of conservation and socio-economic development.

Portuguese version for “Guidelines for Tourism Partnerships and Concessions in Protected Areas: Generating Sustainable Revenue for Conservation and Development,” presents principles and processes for establishing partnerships and concessions for tourism as well as best practices for contract management and performance monitoring.

*This publication is part of a project called “Tourism partnerships and concessions in protected areas: Cooperating for success,” which was carried out on behalf of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) by the Group of Experts on Tourism and Protected Areas. (TAPAS Group) of the World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The German Ministry of the Environment and the Government of the Republic of Korea through the Bio-Bridge Initiative funded the initiative.

Available in Portuguese.

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Diagnosis of Public Use in Brazilian Parks: The Management Perspective | 2021

In its 5th edition, the study 'Diagnosis of Public Use in Brazilian Parks: The Management Perspective' provides an X-ray of the reality of these areas from the point of view of professionals who work in the everyday life of these spaces. This year, the study included 370 natural parks controlled by the three spheres of government and distributed through all biomes and regions of Brazil. The results are presented in seven axes of analysis, including respondent profiles, park characterization, management instruments, financial components, stakeholder mapping, aspects related to visitation, and respondents' perception of contract and partnership management.

Available in Portuguese.

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Editorial Essay: COVID-19 and Protected and Conserved Areas | 2020

Based on an analysis of the impacts and challenges that protected areas must face during the crisis generated by the coronavirus, this Editorial Essay presents how these spaces can act as part of a global response to the pandemic and launches a call for society as a whole to act for the recovery and expansion of protected areas worldwide. This material is a translation of an article signed by several experts from around the world initially published in the International Journal of Protected Areas and Conservation (Parks Journal). The translated version was launched based on a partnership between Semeia and the Coalizão Pró-UC (Pro-Conservation Units Coalition).

Available in Portuguese.

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Guide for visiting protected areas during the COVID-19 pandemic - 2nd edition | 2020

The second edition of the 'Guide for visiting protected areas during the COVID-19 pandemic - Guidelines for managers of urban parks and Conservation Units' brings updates of protocols and guidelines, as well as good practices and examples that can help management teams in planning and managing the implementation of health and safety measures related to public behavior, activities and uses, operations and communication in parks and other Brazilian protected areas during the pandemic. The new edition also includes content dedicated to Community-Based Tourism during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Available in Portuguese.

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Parks for Everyone | 2020

"Parks for Everyone - Suggestions for the implementation of urban parks with a gender perspective" is a tool to inspire the construction of more diverse spaces based on bringing a gender perspective to urban parks. This publication offers guidelines, suggestions, and ideas for public managers to develop and promote initiatives for parks that take everyone's needs into consideration. This initiative is the result of a partnership between the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) and the Semeia Institute, supported by UN Women and UNAIDS.

Available in Portuguese and Spanish.

Portuguese Spanish
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Brazilian Parks: Perceptions of the Public | 2020

"Brazilian Parks: Perceptions of the Public" is a series of studies carried out by Semeia that aims to map the perceptions of Brazilians living in metropolitan regions of the country regarding their knowledge of and experiences with Brazilian parks, as well as their perception of the management models of these spaces.

The second edition of the study, launched in March 2020, included 1,198 people from the metropolitan areas of Brasília, Manaus, Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, and São Paulo. Data analysis for the report considered three dimensions: daily concerns and concerns related to public policies; perception of the parks; and perceptions about the adoption of new models of management for these areas. The survey also brings new components of analysis, such as people's perception of the image of the country's parks.

Available in Portuguese.

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Diagnosis of the Public Use in Brazilian Parks: The Manager's Perspective | 2019

The fourth edition of the survey “Diagnosis of the Public Use of Brazilian Parks: The Manager's Perspective” mapped the situation of Brazilian parks, from the perception of the professionals who work daily managing them.

The survey analyzed data considering the dimensions that make up the report: manager profile, park profile, management, stakeholders, and public use. There were 266 valid responses from national, state, and municipal parks, from all Brazilian biomes, covering all regions of the country and 23 states.

Available in Portuguese.

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Legal Models Applied to Urban Park Management

Semeia partnered with the Center for Research in Law and Economy of FGV Direito-Rio (FGV School of Law) and produced this study which presents an analysis on the possible models and those currently used in Brazilian urban parks management. The objective is subsidizing municipal managers with information on different management possibilities and urban parks' financing. Different non-profit partnership models were studied in four Brazilian cases: Burle Marx Park, Do Povo Park, and Lina Raia Park (in São Paulo city), and Moinhos de Vento Park, in Porto Alegre. The following dimensions were assessed: applicable legislation, existing partnership terms, adopted model, and management cost. In addition, the study synthesizes the elements that the municipal public manager should consider when making decisions about partnerships.

Legal Models Applied to Urban Park Management

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How Much is the Green Worth

What economic benefits and opportunities do Conservation Units (UCs) bring to Brazil? Based on an assessment of direct and indirect economic gains from activities such as forest extractivism and fishing, tourism and public use, protection of carbon stocks, use of hydric resources to generate electricity, and generation of budget transfers to municipalities via ICMS ecológico , this book, produced within the framework of the Pro-UC Coalition, demonstrates that investing in conservation presents a high-benefit cost ratio. Promoting the improvement and expansion of UCs is a way to obtain far superior economic and social returns to the amounts allocated. In a mega-diverse country whose economy is directly dependent on nature, it is fundamental that the environmental asset protected by these areas be recognized.

How Much is the Green Worth What economic benefits and opportunities do Conservation Units (UCs) bring to Brazil?

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Brazilian Parks: Public Perceptions

How much do Brazilians think about Brazil's parks and all the topics related to them? What is the population's knowledge and experience of the parks? What is the perception of the management models (public vs. private) of parks?

To answer these questions, Semeia conducted an opinion survey in six metropolitan regions of the country.

The study revealed that the debate on parks in general (urban parks in particular) has relevance, and demands a more significant space in the public agenda's discussion. With daily presence and impacts on the lives of the population, these issues need to develop concurrently with other urgent programs, such as health and safety. The parks represent to the population the face of public sector that deals not only with problems and needs but which is concerned with its citizens' leisure, fruition, and well-being.

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Diagnosis of Public Use in Brazilian Parks: The Managers' Perspective | 2015 research

The third edition of the study "Diagnosis of Public Use in Brazilian Parks: The Managers' Perspective" was designed to map the situation of public use in parks, from the perception of professionals who work daily in the management of these areas.

The study looked at data from seven dimensions that make up the report: visitation, access, planning and management, monitoring and regulation, financial resources associated with using public, partnerships and outsourcing and working conditions. In all, 187 valid responses were collected, covering all regions of the country and 24 States.

Available in Portuguese.
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Tourism Promoting Biodiversity

Originally published in English by Conservation for Biological Diversity (CBD), this manual provides strategies and best practices for the development and implementation of tourism plans to ensure the lowest possible environmental impact.

The purpose is to help planners, entrepreneurs, managers and decision makers to integrate sustainable tourism development with ecosystem services and the care of biodiversity.

Visit CDB’s website for the original study or download the translated version in Portuguese
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Applicable Management Models to the Brazilian Protected Areas

This study was designed to map and analyze the institutional models available in Brazil for application in protected areas, identifying strengths and weaknesses of each alternative, in addition to critical aspects and main obstacles for its use.

In the study, we frame preliminarily different state management models, direct and indirect, and also non-state management models, such as partnerships with third sector structures, and concession models (concessions that offer quality utilities and services to citizens and concessions involving the transfer or granting of a right to third parties, which are not obliged, in principle, to provide a service or utility as an "exchange" for the right received).

Available in Portuguese.
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Park Managers and Protected Areas: Perspectives | 2013 Research

The main goal of this research is to map the situation of the public use of Brazilian PAs based on the perception of professionals that daily manage these areas. Its 2nd edition was launched in 2014.

This study assesses four dimensions: visitation, revenue generation, public policies and work conditions.

Through the results, we intend to offer inputs to PAs’ management bodies that can be used for management planning and continuous management improvement of these spaces. Therefore, it actively contributes to stimulate new formulations of public policies that can, in fact, strengthen SNUC and value PAs’ managers.

Available in Portuguese.
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Protected areas in Brazil: a contribution to public use for socio-economic development

We know that Brazil fails to generate funds for protected areas and does not efficiently take advantage of the potential for public use of these spaces.

This publication scales the magnitude of this loss and brings international case studies which show that the problems are similar and that the solutions get made through the adoption of new management models.

Available in Portuguese.